World Bank Raises Concerns Over Pakistan’s Economic Development

World Bank Raises Concerns Over Pakistan's Economic Development

The World Bank Country Director for Pakistan, Najy Benhassine, emphasizes the need for policy changes to address the ineffective economic model and growing poverty in the country.

The World Bank Country Director for Pakistan, Najy Benhassine, has expressed concerns about Pakistan’s economic development, stating that it primarily benefits the elite and fails to address the needs of the wider population. Benhassine has called for policy changes to address the growing poverty and environmental challenges faced by the country. In this article, we will explore the key issues highlighted by Benhassine and the proposed solutions to achieve a more sustainable and inclusive economic future for Pakistan.

Inequality and Limited Benefits of Economic Development

Despite efforts to reduce poverty, Pakistan’s economic model has been largely ineffective in addressing the needs of the majority of its population. Benhassine points out that the current development primarily benefits a limited group, widening the gap between the rich and the poor. This inequality has hindered the overall progress of the nation and has resulted in Pakistan falling behind other countries in terms of economic development.

Environmental Challenges in Agriculture and Energy Sectors

Benhassine highlights the challenges faced by Pakistan in the agricultural and energy sectors due to environmental changes. Climate change poses a significant threat to the agricultural sector, affecting food security and livelihoods. The energy sector also faces challenges in terms of financial stability and high costs of electricity generation. Benhassine suggests that policy reforms should focus on promoting renewable energy sources and ensuring better distribution of electricity to address these challenges.

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Urgent Need for Fiscal Management Improvements

The World Bank Country Director emphasizes the urgent need for significant improvements in fiscal management in Pakistan. Benhassine raises concerns about the high costs of servicing Pakistan’s debt and the unsustainability of domestic revenue mobilization. He calls for reforms in government spending and the promotion of a free economy to enhance the quality of life for the people.

Addressing Policy Failures in Agriculture

Benhassine points out policy failures in the agricultural sector, particularly the subsidies and price restrictions that hinder smallholder farmers and contribute to environmentally harmful farming practices. He suggests the removal of these barriers to promote sustainable agriculture and support the livelihoods of small farmers.

Reforms in the Energy Sector

In the energy sector, Benhassine proposes reforms to enhance financial sustainability and improve the efficiency of distribution companies through increased private participation. He highlights the importance of promoting renewable energy sources to tackle the high costs of electricity generation and reduce dependence on expensive options.


Najy Benhassine’s concerns about Pakistan’s economic development highlight the need for urgent policy changes to address inequality, poverty, and environmental challenges. The World Bank Country Director emphasizes the importance of fiscal management improvements, reforms in government spending, and the promotion of a free economy to enhance the quality of life for the people. It is crucial for Pakistan to take action and come together for a brighter, more prosperous, and sustainable future.