Defense Giants’ Space Units Experience Strong Growth, but Treat Space as an Afterthought

Defense Giants' Space Units Experience Strong Growth, but Treat Space as an Afterthought

Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman’s space divisions see significant sales growth in 2023, but executives and analysts mention space in passing during quarterly earnings calls.

Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman, two of the largest defense companies in the United States, have reported impressive sales growth in their space divisions for 2023. Despite this success, executives and analysts continue to treat space as a secondary focus during quarterly earnings calls. The lack of enthusiasm from leadership raises questions about the prioritization of space within these companies and the potential impact of shifting budget priorities on the future of their space business.

Strong Sales Growth in Space Units

Lockheed Martin’s space unit experienced a 9% year-over-year sales growth in 2023, surpassing the growth rates of its other segments. Similarly, Northrop Grumman’s space unit saw a remarkable 14% year-over-year sales growth, outperforming its other divisions. These figures highlight the increasing importance of space as a revenue generator for these defense giants.

Space as an Afterthought

Despite the significant sales growth in their space units, executives and analysts only briefly mentioned space during the quarterly earnings calls. This lack of emphasis suggests that space is still considered a secondary focus within these companies, despite its growing contribution to overall revenue.

During Northrop Grumman’s call, company leadership mentioned that some customers are facing budget prioritization challenges in the coming years, resulting in potential declines in a restricted program. However, Northrop remains confident that these declines will be offset by growth in other parts of its space portfolio. The lack of specific details regarding the affected areas within the space business raises concerns about the long-term sustainability of the growth trajectory.

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ULA’s Successful Vulcan Rocket Debut

Both Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman highlighted the successful debut of United Launch Alliance’s (ULA) Vulcan rocket during the earnings calls. Lockheed owns half of ULA, and Northrop manufactures Vulcan’s solid rocket boosters. The positive reception of Vulcan’s launch adds to the overall optimism surrounding the space business.

However, reports suggest that Boeing and Lockheed, the owners of ULA, are nearing a deal to sell the rocket company. When asked about the potential sale, Lockheed CFO Jay Malave refrained from commenting, only expressing satisfaction with ULA’s strong book of business and excellent backlog.


The impressive sales growth in the space units of Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman demonstrates the increasing significance of space exploration and privatization in the defense industry. However, the lack of emphasis on space during quarterly earnings calls raises questions about the long-term commitment and prioritization of this sector within these companies. As budget priorities shift, the future of these space divisions remains uncertain. Despite the success of ULA’s Vulcan rocket, the potential sale of the rocket company adds another layer of complexity to the overall landscape. It remains to be seen how these defense giants will navigate the evolving space industry and capitalize on the growing opportunities it presents.