Bill Gates Predicts Significant Adoption of Artificial Intelligence in the Next 2 Years

Bill Gates Predicts Significant Adoption of Artificial Intelligence in the Next 2 Years

The use of artificial intelligence is set to transform productivity and innovation, according to Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates.

In his year-end letter, Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft and philanthropist, predicts that the general population in developed countries, such as the US, will start using artificial intelligence (AI) to a “significant” degree within the next 18 to 24 months. Gates believes that the impact of AI on productivity and innovation will be unprecedented. He emphasizes the potential of AI to accelerate the rate of new discoveries and highlights its importance in addressing health issues that disproportionately affect the world’s poorest. Gates cites various examples of AI applications in education and healthcare, showcasing its potential to revolutionize these sectors.

AI in the Developing World:

Gates focuses on the uses of AI in the developing world in his letter. He highlights that the Gates Foundation, which he formed with Melinda French Gates, prioritizes ensuring that AI tools address health issues prevalent in these regions, such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. Gates acknowledges that practical implementation of AI in the developing world may not occur this year but expects significant progress in the latter years of the decade. He believes that the work done in the coming year will set the stage for a massive technology boom later this decade through AI.

Applications of AI in Education and Healthcare:

Gates provides examples of AI being developed for various purposes in different countries. One such application is fighting resistance to antibiotics or antimicrobial resistance (AMR), where a researcher in Ghana is developing a software tool that analyzes local clinical guidelines and health surveillance data to suggest the best drug, dosage, and duration for patients. Gates also mentions an AI-based tutoring software program in Nairobi called “Somanasi,” which is designed to provide personalized education tailored to the cultural context of the students using it. Additionally, he highlights the development of AI-driven solutions to reduce risks during pregnancies, assess HIV risk, and improve medical health records in marginalized and vulnerable populations.

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Tailoring AI to Local Realities:

Gates emphasizes the importance of building AI applications that are attuned to the realities of the respective countries. For instance, the health records app in Pakistan incorporates voice input, aligning with the common practice of sending voice messages on mobile devices. Gates believes that global health can provide valuable lessons on making AI more equitable, stressing the need to tailor the product to the people who will use it.

Closing the Gap:

Gates predicts that the developing world will not be far behind the developed world in adopting AI. He estimates that high-income countries like the United States are 18 to 24 months away from significant levels of AI use by the general population. In African countries, he expects a comparable level of use within three years. While there is still a gap between developed and developing countries, Gates notes that it is significantly shorter than the lag times seen with previous innovations.


Bill Gates’ predictions on the significant adoption of AI within the next two years highlight the transformative potential of this technology. From personalized education to improving healthcare outcomes, AI has the power to revolutionize various sectors and address pressing global challenges. Gates emphasizes the importance of tailoring AI applications to local contexts, ensuring equitable access and benefits. As AI continues to advance, it is crucial to consider its ethical implications and ensure that it serves the needs of all populations, particularly those who are most vulnerable. The future of AI holds immense promise, and its impact on society will be shaped by how we harness its potential for the greater good.

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